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Science in Hinduism-Cloning humans
Posted By Sarin on Nov 22, 2013     RSS Feeds     Latest Hinduism news
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What is cloning?
Cloning is the scientific process of creating an exact replica of any living being. Such a clone has the same face, same body structure and same genetic code. This means DNA of clone is same as the DNA of the living being that was used to create a clone. Clone can be created from a single cell and thus, thousands and millions of replica can be created from a single living being by transfusing his/her living cell in an embryo of another living species. This means that if a human nucleus is inserted in an embryo of a cow, outcome would be a human with a handful of genes (genes that inhabit mitochondria which lie outside the nucleus) inherited from cow.  

First clone
Science in Hinduism-Cloning humans

Practical use of cloning used still now
Cloning can be used to produce offspring of a married couple who are devoid of any children. Natural Cloning happens in the case of bacteria, viruses and other minute living organisms. Animal cloning was done successfully in 1997 but human cloning is still unsuccessful and prohibited in all countries though some countries are doing such experiments secretly.
  
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Cloning Humans

Why cloning is dangerous?
Cloning is a very dangerous technique since it gives ultimate freedom to biologists or group of scientists to create any living beings according to their choice and will, thus imposing a great danger to human society. Though scientists were able to produce clone of an animal, they are facing technological and ethical problems in creating a human clone because the clone faces abnormal cell division and therefore is expose to high risk of cancer. Furthermore, clones have shorter life span as they are created out of a cell that has already gone through many multiplications. Also, success rate of cloning human is only 2% because scientists were successful in creating clones of only 2% of the total animal species.
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Dangerous unnatural2  Cloning Experiments going on secretly
Science in Hinduism-Cloning humans

Cloning in ancient Vedic scriptures
In Vedic age, cloning of animals was done by sages to clone the species of powerful horses and productive cows under the order of king/administration. Below are some of the stories on cloning from Vedic age. Note that each story has its own symbolism and necessarily does not reflect real life events.  
Story of rubhus
Rubhus were three brothers (Rubhu, Vajra and Vibhu) created from the cell of their father. Their father was old but they were cloned young to bring back the youth of aging parents. Additionally, they also created a cloned horse and cow
Cloning of Rubhus is mentioned by seven different sages in seven different verses of rigveda. All of these sages were from different generations thus depicting that such a technology existed over a long period of human life. These seven sages along with the hymns they composed on rubhas are as follows
Kanva Medhatithi- Rigveda, Book 1, Hymns 20
Angirasa Kutsa - Rigveda, Book 1, Hymns 110 & 111
Deerghatamas - Rigveda, Book 1, Hymns 161
Vishvamitra - Rigveda, Book 3, Hymns 60
Vamadeva - Rigveda, Book 4, Hymns 33
Vasistha Maitravaruni - Rigveda, Book 7, Hymns 48
Shrunu Arbhava - Rigveda, Book 10, Hymns 176

Some of the Verses on cloning along with their translation are as follows:
Rigveda, Book 1, Hymn 20, verse 3
तक्षन  नासत्याभ्यां  परिज्मानं  सुखं  रथम  | 
तक्षन  धेनुं  सबर्दुघाम  || 
Translation: They for the two Nasatyas wrought a light car moving every way:
They formed a nectar-yielding cow.
  
Not only cloning, rigveda also mentions the process by which the young cell of the son is used to increase the vigor and youngness of parents.

Rigveda, Book 1, Hymn 20, verse 4
युवाना  पितरा  पुनः  सत्यमन्त्रा  रजूयवः  |
रभवो  विष्ट्यक्रत  ||  
Translation: The Rubhus with effectual prayers, honest, with constant labour, made Their Sire and Mother young again.

Rigveda, Book 4, Hymn 33, verse 3
पुनर  ये  चक्रुः  पितरा  युवाना  सना  यूपेव  जरणा  शयाना  |
ते  वाजो  विभ्वां  रभुर  इन्द्रवन्तो  मधुप्सरसो  नो  ऽवन्तु  यज्ञम  ||  
Translation: May they who made their Parents, who were lying like posts that moulder, young again for ever, is praised by the gods

During the age when rubhus were born, there was shortage of milk and cloning was essential to produce high-yielding cows. So, next task of rubhas was to create a high-yielding cow that yields copious milk. Puranas describes this method in details where there is a description on cells taken from back skin of cow to create a cloned cow.
Rigveda, Book 1, Hymn 110, verse 8
निश्चर्मण  रभवो  गामपिंशत  सं  वत्सेनास्र्जता  मातरं  पुनः  | 
सौधन्वनासः  सवपस्यया  नरो  जिव्री  युवाना  पितराक्र्णोतन  || 
Translation: Out of a skin, O Rubhus, once ye formed a cow, and brought the mother close unto her calf again.
  
Science in Hinduism-Cloning humans
  
Read the below verse carefully. It states that it took them one year of laborious hard work to complete the process of cloning.  
  
Rigveda, Book 4, Hymn 33, verse 4
यत  संवत्सम  रभवो  गाम  अरक्षन  यत  संवत्सम  रभवो  मा  अपिंशन  | 
यत  संवत्सम  अभरन  भासो  अस्यास  ताभिः  शमीभिर  अम्र्तत्वम  आशुः  || 
Translation: As for a year the Rhubus kept the Milch-cow, throughout a year fashioned and formed her body. And through a year's space still sustained her brightness, through these their labors they were made immortal.
  
Elder brother wanted to make only two clones of a single cell but younger brother insisted him to make three clones

Rigveda, Book 4, Hymn 33, verse 5
जयेष्ठ  आह  चमसा  दवा  करेति  कनीयान  तरीन  कर्णवामेत्य  आह  | 
कनिष्ठ  आह  चतुरस  करेति  तवष्ट  रभवस  तत  पनयद  वचो  वः  || 
Translation: Two beakers let us make- thus said the eldest. Let us make three - this was the younger's sentence.
  
One more verse that states the time needed to complete cloning was 1 year. Below verse states that after year of hardship, finally a clone of a cow and horse is born

Rigveda, Book 4, Hymn 33, verse 9
अपो  हय  एषाम  अजुषन्त  देवा  अभि  करत्वा  मनसा  दीध्यानाः  | 
वाजो  देवानाम  अभवत  सुकर्मेन्द्रस्य  रभुक्षा  वरुणस्य  विभ्वा  || 
Translation: After years of hardship, Rubhus gave a new life to their old parents, to Aswinau, to a cow and a horse.
  
Another task of rubhus was to create powerful horses for Indra-Lord of the heaven. First they created a horse named ‘Hari’ and gave it to Indra. One horse was not enough to yoke his heavy chariot. So a clone of Hari was created to yoke indra chariot.

Rigveda, Book 1, Hymn 111, verse 1
तक्षन  रथं  सुव्र्तं  विदम्नापसस्तक्षन  हरी  इन्द्रवाहा  वर्षण्वसू  | 
तक्षन  पित्र्भ्यां  रभवो  युवद  वयस्तक्षन्वत्साय  मातरं  सचाभुवम  || 
Translation:  Ingenious Rubhus prepared a chariot for Indra, prepared two powerful horses (2nd being cloned from 1st), made their old parents youthful again and gave new mothers to orphaned calves or children.
  
Rigveda, Book 1, Hymn 161, verse 7
निश्चर्मणो  गामरिणीत  धीतिभिर्या  जरन्ता  युवशा  ताक्र्णोतन  | 
सौधन्वना  अश्वादश्वमतक्षत  युक्त्वा  रथमुप  देवानयातन  || 
Translation: Ye by your wisdom brought a cow from out a hide; unto that ancient Pair ye gave again their youth. Out of a horse, Sudhanvan's Sons, ye formed a horse: a chariot ye equipped, and went unto the Gods.

Science in Hinduism-Cloning humans
Cloned horses of indra chariot

Next there is a small description on how the process of cloning was done. Try to understand this from the below verse. (Note: Due to the defective linguistics of English language, Sanskrit verses cannot be exactly translated in English language.)
Rigveda, Book 1, Hymn 110, verse 3
तत  सविता  वो.अम्र्तत्वामासुवदगोह्यं  यच्छ्रवयन्त  ऐतन  | 
तयं  चिच्चमसमसुरस्य  भक्षणमेकं  सन्तमक्र्णुता  चतुर्वयम  || 
Translation: Savitar therefore gave you immortality, because ye came proclaiming him whom naught can hide; and this the drinking-chalice of the Asura, which till that time was one, ye made to be fourfold.
  
In above verse, Savitar means sun. ‘Chamasa’ is wrongly translated as drinking chalice since drinking chalice cannot be divided into four equal parts. Chamasa here means a cell or zygote that was divided into four to create four animals.

Story of Vena-the cruel king
Vena was a great but cruel king. He banned all Vedic practices and challenged the sacred rituals of Vedic priests. This created immense fury and anger among the sages. One of the sages killed him using his spiritual powers thus ending the tyranny of vena. When monarchy of vena ended, anarchy took its place and the kingdom became miserable without a king. Sages decided to create a new king from the dead body of vena. They churned the thigh of the dead king wherefrom came a dwarf clone of vena who inherited the evil mind and qualities of vena. “What shall I do?” asked the cloned king. Seeing the newly formed clone deficient of kingly qualities, Sages asked him to nishada(sit down) thereby giving him the name ‘nishada’. King Nala and eklavya of Mahabharata were descendants of Nishada. Now that all evil was removed from his thigh, Sages then churned the right hand of Vena wherefrom came the healthy illustrious king "Prithu" who inherited all the good leadership qualities of vena. Prithu went on to become the universal guardian of entire earth and so, the earth was called as ‘Prithvi’ in Sanskrit.
Science in Hinduism-Cloning humans
Coronation of king prithu

Thus as depicted in the above story, there is a concept of creating multiple clones from the same dead body.
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Narration of king Vena story

Story of Rakhtbija-the cloning demon
Rakhtbija was the powerful demon who got the boon of cloning his blood cells from lord brahma. Making the wrong use of his boon (each of his blood drops spilled on the ground would create a clone of him); he defeated all the demigods and overtook the three worlds (Earth, heaven and hell). His destruction across the three worlds forced all human beings and demi-gods to invoke Goddess Shakti(Durga). Goddess Kali, born out of their sacrifices, marched out to war against the demons. She was born naked with a covering of tiger skin. Garland of skulls on her neck symbolized vengeance and destruction. Her thunderous roar was so terrible that most of the demons felled down on hearing her roar. Only the few powerful ones including Rakhtbija survived. She swallowed the elephants, animals, chariots and soldiers of demon Rakhtbija. 
Lifting Rakhtbija high in the air, she pierced his body and swallowed each of the blood drops flowing out of his body with her enormous tongue so as to stop him from making any clone. Finally, when the dead body was devoid of blood drops, she threw away the corpse. But all was not cver. Demon Rakhtbija blood contaminated her mind which caused her to perform dance of destruction. She caused great havoc and destruction on heaven and continued her dance of performance on earth. When the demigods and sages tried to stop her, she threw all of them like ants flying in the air. Seeing the entire earth trembling under her dance, lord Shiva was invoked by the deities and sages. As usual, lord Shiva came to the rescue by falling down under the feet of goddess kali.
Science in Hinduism-Cloning humans
Lord Shiva under the feet of goddess kali
  
On seeing the husband lying down to her feet, her aggressiveness subsided after which she offered her deep respect to lord Shiva.  
Thus in the above story, we saw the creation of clone by demon Raktabija using the nuclei presents inside the white blood corpuscles  

Story of goddess sita who was born as draupadi
Below story depicts the theory of cloning used to create a replica of goddess sita.  
According to Ramayana, while lord ram was living his life in the forest, Deity Agni disguised as a Brahmin, approached lord ram and said “O lord, you are going to kill demon ravana and sita is going to suffer many atrocities because of this task of yours. Very soon, Sita would be kidnapped by demon ravana. Therefore, you must play a trick to deceive ravana by entrusting sita in my safe custody and I shall give you an illusion Sita that would be an exact replica of your real wife. After killing demon ravana, you would be forced to send this illusion sita into the fire to test her purity. That would be the time when I will take my replica back and would return you your real sita”. Rama was very happy to receive such kind help from Agni and requested him to create a replica using his mystic powers. Phantom sita was created by Agni and handed over to lord ram. This incident was kept as a secret with everyone including brother Lakhsman. After killing ravana when rama moved forward to accept sita, he was stopped by bystanders who demanded sita to prove her chastity. Bowing down to public opinion, sita was requested to enter the fire to prove her purity.
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Agni-Pariskha of sita
When sita went inside the fire, Deity agni took back his replica and let the real sita come out of the fire unscathed. Phantom sita was then advised by Deity agni and lord rama to do penance in a sacred place called ‘Puskara’.
  
Science in Hinduism-Cloning humans
Sita ram

After years of penance, she gets the boon from lord Shiva of marrying a man having all the worldly qualities. This phantom sita is born as Draupadi in era of Mahabharata (Note that draupadi was born from fire out of a special yagna conducted by king drupad) “
From the above discussion, we can conclude that the real clone of goddess sita was created using the body of sita. Above story of cloned sita is missing in Valmiki Ramayana but is found in puranas like ‘Brahmabaibarta Puran’ , ‘Kurma Puran’ and other version of Ramayana like ‘Ramcharitra Manas’, ‘Adhhyatmik Ramayan’,’ Kashmiri Ramayan’ etc.

How similar is the clone to the original?
With cloning in mind, an interesting question arises. Would the behavior of the clone be exactly similar to the original? Would he inherit the same emotions? Would he inherit the same level of thinking? Would he resemble the same gestures? The answer is strict NO. Because, the soul will have different experiences, will grow under different conditions, will face different circumstances and hence will behave differently than the parent soul. Just like the twin brothers differ in emotions and behaviors, a clone would behave very differently than the parent body.  
Science in Hinduism-Cloning humans
Clones reacting differently to the same situation  
A clone is an independent personality that receives the body similar to another body and so, is not the successor of the parent body. Cloning does not mean winning over death since the clone body would naturally die out before the parent body. Through cloning, science has just re-discovered one law of nature and hasn’t achieved anything that is beyond nature. For EX: science cannot create life from matter or bring back the life of dead body. Hence, science is just playing dangerously around the laws of nature and hasn’t done anything extraordinary that changes the eternal laws of life and death. Cloning is going to bring more harm than good.
  
Scientist claims of producing an exact clone is wrong
On cloning, some of the scientists exaggerated that they would have produce an exact clone of albert Einstein from the living cell of Einstein. However, if we look at the Vedic example, we see that the clone may look exactly similar to the original but his mental state and intelligence may not be same as the original. This is because the Vedas says “Only the body can be cloned, not the mind.” Body can be cloned because the Apa, Teja and Prithvi Tattwas of the body can be extended to form a clone but the mind cannot be cloned as it is above the three bodily sattvas. To read more on cloning, search for theory of Panch-Koshas in Taittiriya Upanishad

Conclusion:
Vedas is Eternal Ocean of knowledge embedded with theories from different disciplines. Once again through this article we can see that many of the modern scientific concepts existed in the Vedic age but they were not described in details as they knew the human tendency of making wrong use of special powers. Now that the earth is facing population explosion at its doors, cloning of any living entity would definitely imbalance the nature and end up in worldwide havoc and destruction.


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