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Science in Hinduism-Pythagoras or Baudhayana theorem

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Science in Hinduism-Large numbers and infinity

Now, the very fact that he was not able to prove his theorem proves that he didn’t discover this theorem. The obvious question arises, “If he didn’t discover this theorem then who the creator of this theorem is?” Well, the answer is Baudhayana.

Before I tell you about Baudhayana, let’s have a recap on Pythagoras and his so called Pythagoras theorem.

Pythagoras was the Greek mathematician, said to be influenced by Greek prince ‘

Pythagoras Theorem states that

“In right angle triangle, the area of the square whose side is hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the areas of the squares whose sides are the two legs”.

Equation of this statement was later devised as “a�+b�=c�”.

Proof of this important theorem was not given by Pythagoras but was well known from Euclid's time until the present, yet the Vedas reveals five extremely simple but different proofs for this theorem. Proof of this theorem is found not only in Sulba Sutra (800 BC), but also in the earlier text like Shatapatha Brahmana(900 BC).

If you read out the theories of Pythagoras, you will find that his theories deeply reflect the Sankhyan philosophy which kind of depicts his familiarity with Upanishads (ancient Indian religious text). Some of the other theories of Pythagoras that matches with Indian philosophy are:

1) He believed in transmigration of souls, a concept alien to western world

2) Five elements constitutes matter (Earth, ether, fire, water, air)

3) Reasons for not eating plants products grown underground (Jain belief)

4) Religious and philosophy closely resembling Buddhism

5) His Contents on mystical speculations striking similar to ones written in Upanishads.

It is said that during his visit to India, he gathered various Indian philosophy and Vedic knowledge and projected those in the west out of which his “hypotenuse” theorem is today known all over the world as Pythagoras theorem.

Cha yatprthagbhuta Kurutastadubhayan karoti “.

Baudhayana

Why Baudhayana created this theorem

The reason why buddhayana was able to prove his theorem while Pythagoras was not is because of the decimal based place value system. Western number system was incomplete without zero while Indian decimal based place value system was complete with sunya(Zero) or void.

2)

3) "By examining the evidence in the Shatapatha Brahmana, we now know that Indian geometry predates Greek geometry by centuries. For example, the earth was represented by a circular altar and the heavens were represented by a square altar and the ritual consisted of converting the circle into a square of an identical area. There we see the beginnings of geometry!

4) "Two thousand years before Pythagoras, philosophers in northern India had understood that

5) “Sulbasutras (The Rules of the Cord) contain their

6) "We are told by the Greek writers that

7) "Plato is full of Sankhyan thought, worked out by him, but taken from Pythagoras.

8) "It is more likely that Pythagoras was influenced by India than by Egypt.

9) "As regards Pythagoras, it seems to me very probable that he became acquainted with Indian doctrines in Persia."- Professor Maurice Winternitz

10) “

11) Pythagoras went to the Ganges to learn geometry- Voltaire

14) “Future research on the history of science and technology in Asia will in fact reveal that the achievements of these peoples contribute far more in all pre-Renaissance periods to the development of world science than has yet been realized."- Needham, scholar of Western political thought

Even though the west is aware of the actual creator of Pythagoras theorem, for some selfish reasons, they are still reluctant to call it Baudhayana theorem. It’s a sad irony for India that in spite of being the cradle of human civilization, we are not given the credit for our discovery and inventions. We have lost our respect because of the invaders, our own corrupt political leaders and the common people who are attracted to western based philosophy full of materialistic desires.

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